OS X Keyboard Shortcuts

Screen Capture to disk:

  ⌘ ⇧ 3                   Screen to jpeg file on desktop
⌘ ⇧ 4 + Drag: Selection to jpeg file on desktop
⌘ ⇧ 4 + Spacebar: Window (click camera) to jpeg file

Screen Capture to clipboard:

  ⌘ ⇧ 3 + Ctrl:           Screen to clipboard
⌘ ⇧ 4 + Drag + Ctrl: Selection to clipboard
⌘ ⇧ 4 + Spacebar + Ctrl Window (Camera effect)

Dock /Switch Applications

  ⌘ ⌥ D      Show/Hide Dock
Tab Switch applications
` Switch between document Windows in current application
Dock Switch application, hide previous one
Dock Switch application, hide all others
Ctrl ⌥ ⌘ * Toggle Monochrome Hi Visibility
+drag will prevent dock icons from moving out of the way
(useful for when dragging stuff to trash)

Apple Finder

   + Drag   Explicit COPY (will copy even if destation is on same volume)
+ Drag Explicit MOVE (will move even if destation is on different volume)
⌘ ⌥ + Drag Make alias in new location
D Duplicate
L Make Alias
R Show original
O Open item
↓ Open item
S Save
⌘ ⇧ S Save as
N New Finder window
⌘ ⇧ N New Folder
Q Close Application
W Close Window
⌘ ⌥ W Close all Windows
I Get Info
⌘ ⌥ I Super Get Info (change whatever you click on)
P Print
T Add to Favorites
Delete Move to Trash
E Eject
F Find
~ Cycle finder windows (including desktop)
Tab Highlight next item
+ double-click folder icon will open in new window
+ ↑ Move up one directory
+ [ go back
+ ] go forward
⌘ ⇧ A Open Applications Folder
⌘ ⇧ U Open Applications/Utilities/ Folder
⌘ ⇧ H Open Home Folder
⌘ ⇧ K Go to network
K Connect to server
⌘ ⇧ G Go to folder... (type full path)
⌘ ⇧ ⌫ Empty Trash (Finder Menu )
⌘ ⇧ ⌥ ⌫ Empty Trash without dialog

Finder-Hide App:
H Hide Finder
⌘ ⌥ H Hide Others

Hide all other apps*:
+ click on dock icon
+ click inside app window

Hide all other apps that are in front*:
+ click dock icon (of running app)
+ click inside app window

*Some older (pre-intel) apps may struggle with these


 left/right arrow   Switch windows
1 Switch to 1st terminal window
2, 3... Switch to 2nd, 3rd window

Editing Text (email, TextEdit etc)

   ←       Move one word left
→ Move one word right
← Beginning of line
→ End of line
Scroll one page up (cursor retains position)
Scroll one page down (cursor retains position)
Move one page up (reposition cursor)
Move one page down
↑ or Scroll to beginning of document
↓ or Scroll to end of document

Add shift key to the above to also SELECT the text.

⌥ ⌫ Delete word
Del Delete next word

Scrollbar Jump to exact scrollbar location
Scrollbar arrows Scroll page at a time (page up/down)
Volume up/down Open Sound preferences
Brightness up/down Open Display preferences


  POWER         Sleep now
POWER Hold for 10 seconds (force shut down)
Ctrl Eject Restart, Sleep, Shutdown dialog box
Ctrl Eject Quit all applications and restart
⌘ ⌥+ctrl+eject Graceful Shutdown
⌘ ⌥ Eject Sleep now
⌘ ⌥ + Esc Force Quit
+ .(period) Stop a process
Ctrl+power Immediate restart (dangerous, only if system is frozen)

Log out:

  ⌘ ⇧ Q         Log out (Apple Menu)
⌘ ⇧ ⌥ Q Log out immediately (Apple Menu)

During Startup:

  Shift      Safe Boot mode - Press shift asap AFTER the startup chime
V Start up in Verbose mode.
S Start up in Single-User mode (command line)
X Force OS X startup
⌘ ⌥ ⇧ ⌫ Bypass primary startup volume (will seek DVD or external disk)
C Start up from a CD that has a system folder
D Start up from first partition
N Attempt to start up from a network server(NetBoot)
R Force PowerBook screen reset
T Start up in FireWire Target Disk mode
⌘ ⌥ P R PRAM Reset - Hold down Cmd-Option-R with your left hand,
then press POWER to start up and immediately press P with your right hand.
See KB 2238 At the prompt you can type: reset-nvram and/or reset-all
⌘ ⌥ O F Open Firmware
E Eject CD (press during/after startup chime)
mouse Eject CD (hold mouse button down during startup)

is the Command or Apple key
is the Option or Alt key
is the Shift key
is the Backspace key

System Preferences > Keyboard & Mouse

To change any keyboard shortcuts (including per-application settings) : open Keyboard Shortcuts and press [+]
To reset to defaults, open Keyboard Shortcuts and press [Restore Defaults]

To enable keyboard control in dialog boxes: Keyboard > Full Keyboard Access=All Controls
Full keyboard access will allow you to use Tab,Shift-Tab,Enter, Esc and the Space bar to navigate a dialogue box.

Emacs style shortcuts

Ctrl+H: Backspace delete (right-to-left)
Ctrl+D: Forward delete (left-to-right)
Ctrl+K: Kill / delete text between cursor and the end of the line
Ctrl+U: Delete current line
Ctrl+T: Transpose two characters (typo)

Ctrl+A: Beginning of line (Home)
Ctrl+E: End of line (End)
Ctrl+B: Back (left) one character
Ctrl+F: Forward (right) one character
Ctrl+N: Next line down
Ctrl+P: Previous line up
Ctrl+V: Page down

'Command + Tab' cycles through Applications,
'Command + ~ (tilde)' cycles through an individual Applications windows"

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